Taming Tantrums & Meltdowns: Parenting Tips for a Calmer Household

Taming Tantrums & Meltdowns: Parenting Tips for a Calmer Household

Taming Tantrums & Meltdowns: Parenting Tips for a Calmer Household

Minneapolis Parent Coach Jen Kiss gives 3 tips to decrease meltdowns and tantrums

 

As a parent, you know meltdowns and tantrums have a way of ruling the roost when they are in full swing. Whether your goal is to stop tantrums and meltdowns before they occur or have a quicker resolution, here are 3 parenting tips to help you minimize tantrums and meltdowns.

 

Why does your child throw a tantrum or meltdown?

 

The key to minimizing tantrums and meltdowns is finding the source. To do this, you have to do some investigating about why your child’s behavior is occurring.

At first glance, you may think the answer is obvious. For instance you may think it was because they didn’t get their way. Or you may have no idea because it feels like it came out of nowhere. But the key to solving tantrums and meltdowns is to look a little deeper into your child’s reactions.

Because all behavior is communication. When your child has a meltdown or tantrum they are trying to communicate with you that they are struggling.

 

What Causes Tantrums & Meltdowns

Fear or Anxiety

 

A lot of tantrums are the result of fear or anxiety. From refusing to go to bed or school, to opposing everything you say, fear is often at the core of these very frustrating child behaviors.

Usually fear causes children to try to control their environment as a way to cope. This can show up as being rigid about what they will or won’t do, being clingy, avoiding certain places or people or becoming bossy and demanding. It can also show up as aggressive behavior because the child’s brain is trying to fight against the fear they are feeling.

 

Sensory Sensitivities

 

For a child who has Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), autism or sensory sensitivities, the world can feel like a minefield. Children can become easily overwhelmed when tasked with something their bodies find uncomfortable.

As a result, many kids with sensory sensitivities use avoidance to manage their sensitivities. And when they can’t avoid, or they become overwhelmed by their senses, it results in a big meltdown.

 

Stress and Overwhelm

 

Kids are not immune to stress. In fact, stress often affects kids more because their ability to regulate their emotions, self-soothe, cope and have perspective are still developing.

When a child’s stress tolerance is reached the limited skills they do have go right out the window. This can result in tantrums with aggressive behavior or tantrums that involve running away or refusals.

 

Trauma

 

Big and scary events are not the only thing that creates trauma in a child. Trauma can be a lot of little events that add up over time or a single event. The nature of the event, whether it was overwhelming to your child and whether there was a caring adult to help relieve stress during or after the event, will determine whether a child experiences trauma.

If your child has a history of trauma, they are more likely to have tantrums and meltdowns. This is because their brain tends to be in a state of hypervigilence and stress because they are trying to avoid further trauma.

Like stress, trauma limits a child’s ability to control their actions when triggered. Trauma can be activated from everyday events or sensory stimulus, like smells. Trauma behaviors are usually much more extreme in their aggression or shut down. In addition, tantrums that stem from trauma can last for a very long time.

 

Neurodiversity Struggles

 

Children with learning disabilities and neurodiversity may struggle more with tantrums and meltdowns because their brain can’t do what is being asked of them. And while it may appear as your child being lazy or defiant, your child is actually neither of these things.

Executive functioning abilities, which includes focus and attention, impulse control, emotional regulation and predicting consequences, can be delayed or harder to master in children that have learning disabilities and neurodiversity. Research also indicates these children tend to experience anxiety and depression at a higher rate. And all of these factors can make tantrums and meltdowns occur more frequently.

 

Family  & Friend Friction

 

We are social creatures by nature. When a child is not connecting to the important people in their lives, it can set off behavior challenges and tantrums. This can appear as provoking and aggressive behavior to demand others pay attention to them.

If your child is struggling with tantrums, start by looking at your relationship. How much undivided connection time you are spending with your child? If your child is low on one-on-one time with you, make this a priority. Spending time with your child would be a good first step to reducing tantrums.

For tweens and teens, their main source for connection are their friends. Rejection by peers can lead to depression or significant behavior issues. If things seem fine in your relationship, check in to see how their friend relationships are going. Don’t push too hard, but let them know you are willing to talk any time.

 

Parenting Tips to Minimize Tantrums and Meltdowns

 

Now that you know the why, here are 3 parenting tips to help with tantrums and meltdowns.

 

1. Spend 5 minutes a day connecting with your child

 

This time should be planned into your day the same way an important meeting would be. This time is spent doing whatever your child would like to do or talk about. Make sure to keep the time uninterrupted. If you need to interrupt your time to deal with something urgent, let your child know and make sure to circle back later.

 

2. Reflect back to your child so they know you understand their struggles

 

Whether your child is struggling with fear, stress, neurodiversity or sensory sensitivities, acknowledging what they are feeling or why something is hard can be a game changer.

Calmly, reflect your child’s feelings back to them when they are escalated. Use short words like ‘mad, you are mad, you are so mad’. After reflecting back, offer to do a coping technique with them. Coping techniques such as a firm, long hug or having them engage in some movement are good options.

 

3. Provide “just right” accommodations to decrease meltdowns and tantrums

 

While you do not want to accommodate too much, you do want to make sure you are supportive to your child’s needs. This means you provide just enough support to stretch your child into building their coping and self-regulation skills. For example, you may begin a hard task together and slowly remove yourself over time.

For anxiety and fear, while you do not want to create too much stress, the ultimate goal will be to show your child that they can be uncomfortable and still be okay. This is how you build up their confidence and resilience and reduce tantrums.

Always start with little steps towards your goal since going too fast can make your child resist and throw tantrums. If you want to learn more about how to do this with your child, check out my 3 Ways to Help Your Child with Anxiety.

For sensory sensitivities, accommodations are usually necessary. Like anxiety, the goal is to help them learn to build up tolerance so they can function better in their lives. Because sensory sensitivities can be complex and span all 8 senses, it can be very helpful to figure out what specific things your child is sensitive to and if necessary work with an occupational therapist to make progress.

 

Final Thoughts

 

All behavior is communication. If you listen to what your child’s behavior is trying to communicate you can get to the root cause. Once you know their motive, you can parent from a better, more effective place. It also allows you to view your child in a different light and meet them with compassion and patience. And when you do that, challenging behaviors lessen dramatically.

If you need help implementing these tips or customizing solutions for your child, reach out to me. I offer free 30 minute consultations where we will dive right into solutions for you and your family.

 

Sensory Solutions: Easy Sensory Activities for Better Behaviors

Sensory Solutions: Easy Sensory Activities for Better Behaviors

Sensory Solutions: Easy Sensory Activities for Better Behaviors

Sensory activities that help organize the vestibular and proprioceptive senses

 

Sensory actvities can help your child gain confidence and improve behavior. Especially if they are struggling with Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD) or sensory sensitivities. But sensory activities that engage the proprioceptive sense and vestibular sense can be beneficial for all children.

The following easy sensory activities help develop the vestibular and proprioceptive senses. The vestibular sense is where your balance comes from. It helps you know where your head is in relation to your body and the earth. The proprioceptive sense is how you know how to move your body. It helps your muscles, tendons and joints know how to move, with how much force and at what speed.

The below sensory activities can help engage and integrate your child’s vestibular and proprioceptive senses. And that leads to better functioning, calm bodies and less behavior challenges.

 

Indoor Sensory Activities:

  • Eat applesauce or yogurt thru a straw
  • Vacuum (if your child does not have auditory sensitivities)
  • Carry grocery bags into the house
  • Flop on the bed
  • Press hands (or any body part) against the wall with all your strength for 10 seconds, take a quick break and then repeat
  • Walk like various animals (crab walk, bear walk, frog jump, etc.)
  • Use an old tennis ball and have your child wrap rubber bands around it twice. (This also makes a good fidget for a child to play with.)
  • Have your child balance a moderately heavy book on their head

Outdoor Sensory Activities:

  • Swing Set: Hold up a target for your child to kick/push against as they swing forward.
  • Swing Set: Have your child lay facing down on the swing seat and twirl themselves in one direction. Then have them let go and unwind.
  • Swing Set: Have your child lay facing down on the swing seat and wind themselves up in one direction. Before they begin to unwind have them spread their arms and legs into a star position. As they unwind, ask them to go from a star to crossing their arms and feet (like a figure skater does in the air) and then back to a star position.
  • Swing Set: Have your child push you or another child on the swing set
  • Teeter-Totter: Have your child walk from one end to the other
  • Teeter-Totter: Have your child stand, straddling the middle of the teeter totter and rock back and forth from side to side
  • Use a paper bag closed at both ends so it resembles a ball of air and let your child kick it around.
  • Rolling like a log in the grass or down a hill

 

How Do Sensory Activities Help Improve Behaviors?

 

A calm body leads to better behaviors. So a way to help your child have better behaviors is to help them calm their body. And sensory activities, particularly ones that stimulate the proprioceptive sense, calm the body.

Think of proprioceptive activities as “heavy work”. Heavy work is when you put steady pressure on your muscles and joints, typically through pushing or pulling motions. This pressure helps to calm the nervous system. And a calm nervous system helps to calm the brain. And a calm brain is better able to listen, cooperate, and problem solve. All of which can reduce challenging behaviors in your child.